The skin is the largest organ in your body and undergoes significant changes throughout your lifetime. From the fragile skin of a newborn through the acne-prone teenagehood to the wrinkles of later life, your skin will undergo various stages in which their demands will also change.
The skincare routine and products you use should cater to the changing needs. Skincare products help to protect, cleanse, repair, and nourish the skin. This will help keep your skin healthy and make sure it feels and looks its natural best regardless of your age.
Teens and Young Adults
At around the age of twelve and heading into the teenage years, the structure and function of a person’s skin are almost similar to that of an adult. During the teenage years, there are many hormonal changes of puberty that can affect the skin drastically.
These changes mainly occur in the face, chest, shoulders, and back. The skin can become oily and acne-prone due to disturbed corneocyte shedding and increased sebum production. The effects typically disappear as you grow, but they may remain until middle age, especially in women.
There are skincare routines and products at this stage to ensure that your skin remains healthy and radiant. A cleanser is very essential in your skincare routine. You can cleanse twice a day, especially on days that you have been wearing makeup. Use warm water to be able to remove harsher products easily.
The serum is used to target specific problems like skin brightness, breaking out, and spots. It can help to limit the production of sebum which is responsible for spots. Serum is also used to prevent the skin from ageing prematurely. It contains peptides that boost the skin’s plumpness and brightness, leaving it looking younger.
A moisturizer is a simple and inexpensive skin care product that keeps your skin fresh and moisturized. Teenagers are more prone to spending most of their time outdoors, where the skin is exposed to UV rays from the sun. For this reason, wearing sunscreen is essential in ensuring you protect your skin.
Wearing your sunscreen with broad-spectrum UV protection of at least PF 30 about 30 minutes before heading outdoors. SPF or sun protection factor helps to block the sun's radiation from damaging the skin. The sun emits two types of radiation, including UVB and UVA rays. UVB rays cause sunburns, while UVA rays lead to signs of skin aging like sagging and wrinkles.
Late 20s and 30s
In your late 20s and 30s, the dermis and epidermis usually start to thin due to lifestyle, genetics, and environmental factors. You may also start experiencing the first signs of aging, such as fine lines. As you approach your late 30s, the skin’s barrier function weakens as your skin starts to thin. This reduces the skin’s natural protection against UV rays.
Collagen flexibility and mass start to degrade at the rate of approximately 1%, leading to the formation of more wrinkles and fine lines. The skin cell’s metabolic processes also begin to slow down. The skin produces less hyaluronic acid causing the skin to lose more moisture as the existing acid degrades - so using products with hyaluronic acid is important at this stage of life.
Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps to prevent dark spots in your late 20s and 30s. It helps brighten the skin and give it a youthful glow. Antioxidants also boost collagen and offer protection against UV light. You may also start to use anti-aging products to get rid of or prevent wrinkles and fine lines.
Over the next few years, the structure of the skin gradually changes. The epidermis loses the ordered arrangement of the individual layers. The top layers of the skin grow thinner as the existing cells shrink and few new cells are formed.
The skin tends to become more rough and dry as there is an increase in wrinkles and fine lines. At this age, spots start to form, increasing skin infection and impaired wound healing. The dermis tissues lose their water-binding ability and fibrous structure, resulting in more wrinkles. It also loses its elasticity as it lacks nourishment due to a decrease in micro-circulation. As the layer of fatty tissue reduces, the skin loses its energy and becomes less resilient to pressure.
Vitamin B3 forms like Niacinamide can help manage wrinkles and pigmentation issues with aging skin. Antioxidant serum helps to protect the skin against pollution and UV rays. Other products that one may use include face cream, eye cream, cleanser, and retinol.
Above the age of 50, the skin is unable to produce lipids like before, leading to increased dryness and more wrinkles. This is also attributed to a decline in collagen production and Hyaluronic acid. The skin becomes thinner due to slow regeneration and impaired wound healing. Age spots increase along with UV sensitivity.
The skin becomes more susceptible to infection due to reduced immune function. As the skin becomes more sensitive, gentle skincare routines and products are required. Moisturizer is essential to combat skin dryness and sunscreen to protect against UV rays. Hyaluronic acid and retinoid are used to deal with skin dryness and wrinkles.
Skin Care Types
People have various skin types, which are predetermined by their genes. There are basically three skin types, including normal, oily, and dry skin. A combination skin type is when a person has more than one skin type. Your skin changes over time as it tends to get drier as you grow old. The difference between skin types depends on how oily it is, how much moisture it has, and its sensitivity.
Normal skin type has a good balance of oil and moisture in that it’s not too oily or too dry. It has no visible pores, few imperfections, and no severe sensitivity. Normal skin is usually smooth in appearance and has a radiant complexion.
Dry skin type has a rough, dull complexion with almost visible pores. It is less elastic and has red patches and more visible lines. If you have a dry skin type, it can peel, crack, or become irritated, itchy, or inflamed. It can become scaly on the backs of your arms, around the elbows, and on the legs.
Dry skin can be caused by external factors such as low air humidity, weather, and immersion in hot water. Other factors include genes, aging, medications, UV radiation, and ingredients in cosmetics, soaps, or cleansers.
If you have dry skin, you can take measures to avoid the symptoms and moisturize your skin. Avoid taking long hot showers or baths more than once a day. Ensure you use gentle or mild soaps and cleansers and avoid deodorant soaps. While bathing or drying, do not scrub your skin.
When you are indoors, you can use a humidifier to increase moisture levels in your home and avoid high temperatures. Ensure that you wear protective gloves when using cleaning agents, detergents, or solvents. After taking a bath, use a moisturizer like creams and ointments.
People with oily skin types have enlarged pores with shiny or dull, thick complexions. It is often a result of excessive fat production by the sebaceous glands. It can occur due to hormonal or genetic causes. It also depends on the weather and the time of the year. Excessive heat or humidity, and stress can worsen the oiliness of the skin.
If you have oily skin, do not scrub but use a gentle cleanser. Avoid washing it more than twice a day, especially after sweating. If you have pimples on your skin, do not pop, pick, or squeeze them as they will take longer to heal. When buying cosmetics and skincare products, look for noncomedogenic ones since they will not clog pores.
A combination skin type has the characteristics of both oily and dry skin. It is very common, and areas with more oil are the nose, forehead, and chin. The cheeks are usually dry. A combination skin type occurs when the distribution of sweat glands and sebaceous glands is not homogeneous. Combination skin is typically shiny, with pores that look larger than normal.
Sensitive skin is caused by genetic factors and environmental factors. The skin shows signs of itching, burning, dryness burning, and redness. If you have sensitive skin, always test any new product before applying to ensure it is safe for you.
Ensure that you always read labels to check for fragrance and paraben preservatives that may cause irritation of the skin. Moisturize constantly as sensitive skin is more vulnerable to the elements. Moisturizing will help protect water loss and protect the skin by maintaining a healthy barrier.
How Does Where You Live Affect Your Skin?
The environment affects your skin and can lead to various conditions. The sun releases UV light that can damage the skin leading to various effects. It can cause texture changes, pigmentation, skin cancer, and an increased number of moles and freckles. On the other hand, cold weather can also affect the skin by making it dry and itchy.
Pollution can also affect the skin leading to various problems. People living in cities and urban areas are more exposed to pollution. Dust can increase bacteria on your face and clog pores leading to acne and spots. Chemical pollutants can also affect the protection of the skin by breaking the skin’s oils. This causes the skin to become dry and accelerates aging.
Taking care of your skin is important, but the processes and routines change throughout your life. While acne may be the main issue for a teenager, wrinkles and sensitivity tend to be the main concerns later in life. If you keep in mind the differences in your skin as you age, you can stay on top of the vitamins and products that will help protect your skin, no matter which stage of life you are in.